Clinical Trials and Studies

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1B-11-2-A Phase II, Randomized, Multicenter Study of CDX-011 (CR011-vcMMAE) in Patients with Advanced GPNMB-expressing Breast Cancer


CDX-011 consists of an antibody attached to a drug, monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE), that can kill cancer cells. The antibody delivers the drug to cancer cells by attaching to a protein called glycoprotein NMB (GPNMB) that is expressed on the cancer cell. The MMAE is then released inside of the cell, where it interferes with cell growth and may lead to cell death. This study will examine the effectiveness and safety of CDX-011 in patients with advanced breast cancer that makes the GPNMB protein. To better assess this, the effect of CDX-011 will be compared to treatment with currently available cancer chemotherapy. Eligible patients who enroll in the study will be randomly assigned by chance to receive treatment with CDX-011 or with a chemotherapy chosen by their study doctor from a list of currently available drugs ("Investigator's Choice" chemotherapy). For each three patients enrolled, two will receive CDX-011 and one will receive treatment with "Investigator's Choice". Patients initially assigned to "Investigator's Choice" chemotherapy may be offered treatment with CDX-011 if their cancer worsens during this initial treatment. All patients enrolled in the study will be closely monitored to determine if their cancer is responding to treatment, and for any side effects that may occur.


Phase 2 - takes the treatment one step further, assessing the activity of a particular therapy in a disease, often building upon leads from the Phase I trial. While patients are generally required to be previously untreated, participation in a Phase II trial doesn't usually preclude the patient from getting the standard treatment after they've received the investigational agent. At best they are allowed to get a new drug they wouldn't be able to get otherwise that may turn out to be better for their disease.

Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria

  • Among other criteria, patients must meet all of the following conditions to be eligible for the study:
  • 18 years of age or older.
  • Locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer.
  • Previous treatment with at least two but no more than seven prior chemotherapy treatments for progressive, recurrent or metastatic breast cancer.
  • Unless not a candidate for these agents, prior therapies must have included a taxane, an anthracycline, and capecitabine, as well as trastuzumab and lapatinib for patients whose tumors are positive for the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). (Patients who received incomplete courses of therapy with these agents due to intolerance will be eligible.)
  • Breast cancer tumor confirmed to express GPNMB. This will be determined by submitting a tissue sample (obtained during a diagnostic biopsy or surgery) to a central laboratory for analysis.

  • Among other criteria, patients who meet any of the following conditions are NOT eligible for the study:
  • Ongoing neuropathy or other chemotherapy or radiation-related toxicities that are moderate (Grade 2) or worse in severity.
  • Known brain metastases, unless previously treated and asymptomatic for 2 months and not progressive in size or number for 2 months.
  • Significant cardiovascular disease or any other underlying medical condition that, in the Investigator's opinion, will make the administration of study treatment (CDX-011 or chemotherapy) hazardous or would obscure the interpretation of side effects.


  • California

    • USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, California, 90033
    • The Angeles Clinic and Research Institute, Los Angeles, California, 90025
    • Breastlink Medical Group, Long Beach, California, 90806
    • UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California, 94143
  • Montana

    • Montana Cancer Institute Foundation, Missoula, Montana, 59802
  • Louisiana

    • Cancer Care of Louisiana, New Orleans, Louisiana, 70115
  • Illinois

    • Cancer Treatment Centers of America at Midwestern Regional Medical Center, Zion, Illinois, 60099
    • Orchard Healthcare Research Inc., Skokie, Illinois, 60076
  • Tennessee

    • Sarah Cannon Research Institution, Nashville, Tennessee, 37203
  • Alabama

    • The University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center, Birmingham, Alabama, 35294
  • Ohio

    • Oncology Hematology Care, Cincinnati, Ohio, 45242
  • Georgia

    • Peachtree Hematology-Oncology Consultants PC, Atlanta, Georgia, 30318
    • Georgia Cancer Specialists, Atlanta, Georgia, 30341
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