Allopregnanolone Regenerative Therapeutic for MCI/AD: Dose Finding Phase 1
Brief SummaryThe purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of allopregnanolone, a naturally occurring brain steroid, in mild cognitive impairment and early Alzheimer's disease participants. The primary goal is to determine the maximally tolerated dose.
Detailed Description1) Each dose group will be comprised of 8 participants (6 randomized to allopregnanolone; 2 randomized to placebo) administered one dose of allopregnanolone or placebo once per week for 12 weeks. A higher dose will be administered to the next group of participants when the lower dose is shown to be safe and tolerable. 2) Pharmacokinetic analyses will be conducted on blood samples taken from participants at the beginning and end of the trial. 3) The trial will assess safety including via MRI brain imaging.
PhasePhase 1 - a new treatment that has not been tested, and researchers are looking for the best way to administer the treatment and how much can be given safely. Phase I trials are usually offered only to patients with advanced disease who would not be helped by other known treatments. Some patients are helped by these treatments, although in this early stage physicians don’t really know if the treatment will be effective.
Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria
- Men or postmenopausal women
- 55 years of age or older
- Diagnosis of MCI due to AD or mild AD
- MMSE > 20 at screen
- Capacity to provide informed consent
- Residing in the community with a caregiver able to accompany the patient to clinic visits
- No medical contraindications to participation
- Willingness to comply with study procedures
- Use of benzodiazepines, sedative/hypnotics, anticonvulsants, antipsychotics, and other drugs that might interact with the GABA-A receptor complex
- Seizure disorder, history of stroke, focal brain lesion, traumatic brain injury, substance abuse, malignancy
- Clinically significant laboratory or ECG abnormality
- MRI indicative of any other significant abnormality, including but not limited to evidence of a cerebral contusion, encephalomalacia, aneurysms, vascular malformations, subdural hematoma, or space occupying lesions
- Any condition that would contraindicate an MRI such as the presence of metallic objects in the eyes, skin, heart, or body
- University of Southern California - Alzheimer Disease Research Center - Healthcare Consultation Center II, Los Angeles, California, 90033