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A Phase IIa Trial of sEphB4-HSA in Combination With Anti PD-1 Antibody (Pembrolizumab, MK3475) in Patients With Non-small Cell Lung and Head/Neck Cancer

Description

Brief Summary
This phase IIa trial studies how well recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein and pembrolizumab work in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer that has spread to other places in the body or head and neck squamous cell cancer that has come back or spread to other places in the body. Recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Giving recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein and pembrolizumab may work better in treating patients with non-small cell lung or head and neck squamous cell cancer.


Detailed Description
I. Determine the response rate of the combination of pembrolizumab and recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein (sEphB4-HSA) as combination therapy. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the biomarkers of response. II. Determine the unique toxicities of the combination of pembrolizumab and sEphB4-HSA. OUTLINE: Patients receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1 and recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 3 weeks for up to 24 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 12 weeks.

Phase

N/A

Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria

  • One of the following:
  • Locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer that has progressed after at least 1 line of platinum based chemotherapy
  • Patients may have received up to 2 prior lines of chemotherapy
  • Patients with actionable alterations in EGFR/ALK/ROS1/BRAF must also have progressed after treatment with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor appropriate for their genetic alteration
  • Untreated patients who refuse 1st line platinum based chemotherapy are also eligible
  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck whose disease has progressed after at least 1 line of platinum based chemotherapy
  • Patients may have received up to 2 prior lines of chemotherapy
  • Untreated patients who refuse 1st line platinum based chemotherapy are also eligible
  • Patients who relapse within 6 months of adjuvant cisplatin based concurrent chemoradiation, or neoadjuvant cisplatin based therapy can be considered eligible without an additional course of platinum chemotherapy for relapsed disease
  • Patients may have either locally recurrent or distant metastatic disease
  • Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial
  • Have measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
  • Be willing to provide tissue from a newly obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion after 2 cycles of therapy
  • Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scale
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 /mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000 / mcL
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L without transfusion or erythropoietin (EPO) dependency (within 7 days of assessment)
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl]) >= 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 x institutional ULN
  • Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x ULN OR =< 5 x ULN for subjects with liver metastases
  • Albumin >= 2.5 mg/dL
  • International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 x ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication; if the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential must be willing to use an adequate method of contraception for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication
  • Note: abstinence is acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the subject
  • Male subjects of childbearing potential must agree to use an adequate method of contraception, starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy
  • Note: abstinence is acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the subject

  • Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
  • Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus tuberculosis)
  • Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients
  • Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent
  • Note: subjects with =< grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study
  • Note: if subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer
  • Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis; subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment; this exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability; known brain metastases are considered active, if any of the following criteria is applicable:
  • Brain imaging during screening demonstrates progression of existing metastases and/or appearance of new lesions compared to brain imaging performed at least 4 weeks earlier
  • Neurological symptoms attributed to brain metastases have not returned to baseline
  • Steroids were used for brain metastases within 28 days of randomization
  • Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs); replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
  • Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
  • Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, or anti cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibody including ipilimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
  • Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy
  • Note: seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed

Sites

Please contact the trial administrator to learn more about where you can participate in this trial. Please use the contact form on the right side.

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