47 studies found
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Collection of Blood Samples in Patients With Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate the ability of next generation sequencing (NGS) to monitor the evolution of cancer-specific mutations in patients undergoing treatment for non-small cell lung carcinoma and for whom the molecular profile of the tumor cells prior to treatment is known. II. Compare the sensitivity of digital droplet...

Myeloid Derived Suppressor Cells Clinical Assay in Finding Kidney Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate a novel clinical assay (Myeloid Derived Suppressor Cells [MDSC] Clinical Assay) to detect cancer associated immune cells in the peripheral blood of patients as a means to better detect and monitor malignant renal cell carcinoma in patients. II. Determine mean MDSC level, intra-subject variability, and...

Collection of Blood in Studying Metabolites in Patients With Prostate Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Develop blood sample collection and preparation procedures for reliable, meaningful metabolomic profiling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) by liquid chromatography/quadruple-time of flight/mass spectrometry (LC/Q-TOF/MS) that can be implemented in a clinical setting. II. Optimize data analysis methods and software usage to create a metabolic profile for...

Norris ORIEN Total Cancer Care

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To establish a longitudinal study of clinical and related data from patients with or at risk for cancer. II. To establish a large biospecimen repository that is linked to clinical and related data. III. To follow patients through their lifetime though passive or active follow-up. IV. To...

Precise DCE-MRI in Diagnosing Participants With Recurrent High Grade Glioma or Melanoma Brain Metastases

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To optimize and technically validate specially-tailored acquisition and reconstruction (STAR) DCE-MRI based on the accuracy and reproducibility of whole-brain tracer-kinetic (TK) parameter maps. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To develop a robust clinical implementation of STAR DCE-MRI. II. To clinically evaluate STAR DCE-MRI in patients with brain tumors. OUTLINE:...

Fluid Biopsy for the Diagnosis of Lung Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: I. To estimate the sensitivity and specificity of the fluid biopsy in establishing a diagnosis of bronchogenic carcinoma. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the accuracy of determination of the histologic subtype of bronchogenic lung cancer. II. To determine the relative contribution of cell based high definition circulating tumor...

Collection of Immunology Specimens From Patients With Cancer or Blood Disorders, and Healthy Volunteers

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES; I. Identify changes in immune system parameters in patients receiving immunotherapies (including immune checkpoint inhibitors, immunostimulatory/immunomodulatory agents, cellular therapies, stem cell transplantation) and compare to changes in patients receiving conventional chemotherapy, targeted-agent therapy, and healthy normal volunteers using multiparameter flow cytometry, time-of-flight mass cytometry, cytokine quantification, functional analysis...

Ramucirumab and Trifluridine/Tipiracil or Paclitaxel for the Treatment of Patients With Previously Treated Advanced Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: I. To compare, in a non-inferiority fashion, the progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with metastatic refractory gastric/gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma receiving the combination of ramucirumab with trifluridine and tipiracil hydrochloride (TAS-102) versus (vs.) paclitaxel and ramucirumab. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To assess overall survival (OS) in this patient population...

Epigenetics, Vitamin C, and Abnormal Blood Cell Formation - Vitamin C in Patients With Low-Risk Myeloid Malignancies

BACKGROUND Recent investigations have shown that mutations in epigenetic regulators are common, both in the apparently normal hematopoiesis of the elderly and in patients (pts) with myeloid cancers. It was long anticipated that DNA methylation was a permanent silencing mark, but with the discovery of the ten eleven translocation (TET)...

I-SPY TRIAL: Neoadjuvant and Personalized Adaptive Novel Agents to Treat Breast Cancer

I-SPY will compare the efficacy of novel drugs in combination with standard chemotherapy with the efficacy of standard therapy alone. The goal is identify improved treatment regimens for subsets on the basis of molecular characteristics (biomarker signatures) of their disease. As described for previous adaptive trials, regimens that show a...

Standard-Dose Combination Chemotherapy or High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Germ Cell Tumors

The study is an international collaboration with European sites. Collaborators on the study include the National Cancer Institute, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer and the Movember Foundation. Randomization will be stratified by region (North America and Europe) and by modified IPFSG (International Prognostic Factor Study Group)...

AFPᶜ³³²T in Advanced HCC

This first time in human study is intended for men and women between 18 and 75 years of age who have advanced liver cancer which has grown or returned after being treated or another AFP expressing tumor. Those who did not tolerate or refused other therapies may also participate. The...

Nivolumab and Multi-fraction Stereotactic Radiosurgery With or Without Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Recurrent Grade II-III Meningioma

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate the maximum tolerated combination and safety profile of multi-fraction radiosurgery with concurrent nivolumab plus or minus ipilimumab for recurrent radiation-relapsed high-grade meningioma. (Phase I) II. To evaluate the objective response rate (ORR) of multi-fraction radiosurgery with concurrent nivolumab plus or minus ipilimumab for recurrent radiation-relapsed...

Epidemiology of Young Lung Cancer - Survey

This is a 100% virtual (remote), case-case study to explore potential environmental, lifestyle and genetic factors that may be associated with driver mutations of young lung cancer in the U.S.

SWOG S1827 (MAVERICK) Testing Whether the Use of Brain Scans Alone Instead of Brain Scans Plus Preventive Brain Radiation Affects Lifespan in Patients With Small Cell Lung Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: I. To evaluate whether overall survival (OS) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) surveillance alone is not inferior to MRI surveillance combined with prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) for the treatment of small cell lung cancer (SCLC). SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To compare cognitive failure free survival (CFFS) rate up to...

MDSC Clinical Assay in Finding and Monitoring Cancer Cells in Blood and Urine Samples From Patients With or Without Localized or Metastatic Bladder Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate a novel clinical assay (MDSC clinical assay) to detect cancer associated immune cells in the peripheral blood of patients as a means to better detect and monitor malignant bladder cancer in patients. II. Estimate mean MDSC level, intra-patient variability, and inter-patient variability, for 3 groups...

A Study of miRNA 371 in Patients With Germ Cell Tumors

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: I. To estimate the positive predictive value within each of the early stage testicular seminoma and nonseminoma groups using plasma miRNA 371 expression at relapse to detect germ cell malignancy. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To bank prospectively obtained serial liquid biospecimens for low and moderate risk of relapse patients...

Detection of MSI in Circulating Tumor DNA of Colorectal Carcinoma Patients

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To test the hypothesis that there is high level of concordance between the electrophoretic mobility profile of microsatellite biomarkers in circulating cell-free deoxyribonucleic acid (ccfDNA) versus in primary tumor tissues in patients with colorectal carcinomas displaying microsatellite instability. II. To test the hypothesis that changes in the...

Combined Breast MRI and Biomarker Strategies in Identifying High-risk Breast Cancer Patients

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the number of high risk women with abnormal screening breast MRI and morphologically normal biopsy over 7 years. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine if WNT10B/mutant p53 expression as measured in the 0-month biopsy predicts women with an abnormal MRI/non-cancerous biopsy who will progress to cancer...

A Study to Compare the Administration of Pembrolizumab After Surgery Versus Administration Both Before and After Surgery for High-Risk Melanoma

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: I. To compare event-free survival (EFS) in participant with high-risk resectable melanoma randomized to neoadjuvant MK-3475 (pembrolizumab) with participants randomized to adjuvant MK-3475 (pembrolizumab). SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To assess the frequency and severity of toxicities on each of the arms. II. To compare between arms overall survival (OS),...

Standard Systemic Therapy With or Without Definitive Treatment in Treating Participants With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To compare overall survival in metastatic prostate cancer patients who are randomized to standard systemic therapy (SST) plus definitive treatment of the primary tumor versus standard systemic therapy alone. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To compare overall survival in metastatic prostate cancer patients who received SST plus surgical excision...

Testing the Addition of a New Immunotherapy Drug, Atezolizumab (MPDL3280A), to the Usual Chemoradiation (CRT) Therapy Treatment for Limited Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer (LS-SCLC)

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: I. To compare overall survival (OS) for patients with LS-SCLC treated with chemoradiation +/- atezolizumab. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To compare progression free survival (PFS) for patients with limited stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) treated with chemoradiation +/- atezolizumab. II. To determine overall response rate (ORR), rates of...

Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of CAL056 Mesylate in Patients With Resistant or Refractory Solid Tumors

Patients with resistant or refractory malignant solid tumors and no standard treatment available will be screened for the eligibility. Patients will be screened within 28 days prior to the first dose of CAL056 mesylate. Eligible patients will receive CAL056 mesylate daily with the assigned dose level for 28 days (Day...

A Phase 1/2 Safety Study of Intratumorally Dosed INT230-6

INT230-6 is comprised of a 3 agents in a fixed ratio - a cell permeation enhancer and two, potent anti-cancer payloads (cisplatin and vinblastine sulfate). The penetration enhancer facilitates dispersion of the two drugs throughout injected tumors and enables increased diffusion into cancer cells. (Nonclinical safety studies showed no findings...

Randomized Trial of Topotecan With M6620, an ATR Kinase Inhibitor, in Small Cell Lung Cancers and Small Cell Cancers Outside of the Lungs

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: I. To determine if the combination of M6620 with topotecan hydrochloride (topotecan) will result in an improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) compared to topotecan alone in patients with relapsed small cell lung cancer (SCLC). SECONDARY OBJECTIVE: I. To determine the objective response rate (ORR) and overall survival (OS)...

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